Close this search box.

Nurturing Your Citrus Trees: Essential Autumn Care for Vibrant Harvests

Citrus fans, this one’s for you! Whether it’s a single lemon tree or a collection of oranges, mandarins and limes, we know there’s nothing quite like picking fresh fruit from your own garden.

In our previous blog, we explored the joys of cultivating citrus trees, from choosing the perfect variety to potting options for limited spaces. And now, as autumn sets in and the citrus harvest is about to begin, we’ve compiled a guide to keeping your citrus trees healthy and thriving throughout the colder season.

And remember to keep on reading as we’ve included a bonus section on propagating healthy citrus trees from seeds. So grab your pruners, spades and pots and let’s dig right in.


As temperatures begin to drop, it’s crucial to adjust your watering routine to accommodate the changing needs of your citrus trees. While they still require regular moisture, be mindful not to overwater, as this can lead to root rot. Aim to keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Consider investing in a moisture meter to accurately gauge soil moisture levels and water accordingly. For all your watering essentials, click here.


Autumn is the ideal time to give your citrus trees a nutrient boost before the dormant winter months. Choose a balanced fertiliser formulated specifically for citrus trees and apply it according to package instructions. Avoid fertilising too late in the season, as this can stimulate new growth that may be susceptible to frost damage.

Pest and Disease Management:

Keep a close eye on your citrus trees for signs of pests and diseases, such as aphids, scale insects, and citrus greening disease.

Implement integrated pest management strategies, such as introducing beneficial insects or have a look at our guide to household remedies you can use to set these pests at bay.


Pruning is essential for maintaining the health and shape of your citrus trees. Remove any dead, diseased, or crossing branches to improve air circulation and promote healthy growth. Avoid heavy pruning in autumn, as this can stimulate new growth that may be vulnerable to frost damage. Save major pruning tasks for late winter or early spring. For our range of pruning equipment, click here.


Applying a layer of organic mulch around the base of your citrus trees helps retain soil moisture, suppresses weed growth, and regulates soil temperature. Use mulch made from materials such as wood chips or straw, and leave a small gap between the mulch and the trunk to prevent rot and fungal diseases.

Additional Tips:

Now, let’s dive into some additional tips for growing citrus trees from seeds:

Growing from Seeds:

  • Citrus trees can be grown from seeds collected from ripe fruit. Remove the seeds from the fruit and rinse them thoroughly to remove any pulp.
  • Plant the seeds in a pot or seed starter filled with well-draining potting soil, burying them about 1.5 cm deep.
  • Keep the soil consistently moist with a xxx or an xxx and place the pot in a warm, sunny location.
  • Seedlings typically emerge within two to four weeks. Once they have developed several sets of true leaves, transplant them into individual pots filled with potting soil.
  • Citrus trees grown from seeds typically take between three and six years to reach fruit-bearing maturity, so patience is key!

General Care and Maintenance:

  • During the cold season, protect your citrus trees from frost by covering them with frost blankets or bringing them indoors if possible.
  • In hot climates, provide shade for young citrus trees to prevent sunburn and keep the soil consistently moist to prevent heat stress.
  • General tips for healthy citrus trees include providing adequate sunlight, regular watering, and proper fertilisation. Additionally, avoid planting citrus trees in low-lying areas prone to waterlogging.

With proper care and attention, your citrus trees will thrive through the autumn months and beyond, rewarding you with vibrant foliage and bountiful harvests. By incorporating Garden Master products and following these essential tips, you’ll set your citrus trees up for success, ensuring many seasons of juicy goodness to come. Visit your nearest Makro, Game or Builders Warehouse to make sure you have the essential tools and supplies this winter!

Happy gardening, Garden Masters, and remember to follow us on FacebookInstagram and TikTok and use the hashtag #GardenMasterpiece for more tips and advice.